The Mughal emperor Jahangir, who compared Kashmir to heaven, was so fascinated by it.
History of Kashmir: –
The history of Kashmir is inextricably linked with the history of the greater Indian subcontinent and its adjoining regions (Central Asia, South Asia and East Asia). Historically, Kashmir has been referred to as the ‘Kashmir Valley’. At present Kashmir refers to a relatively large region. The present Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir (consisting of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh), Pakistan-controlled Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and China-controlled Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract.
Before the fifth century, Kashmir became an important center of Hinduism and later Buddhism. Later in the ninth century, Shaivism emerged in Kashmir. Islam spread in Kashmir from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries and the influence of Shaivism diminished. But it did not lose the achievements of previous civilizations, but rather embraced them to a large extent in the new Islamic politics and culture, which gave birth to Kashmiri Sufism.
In 1339, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir and established the Shah Mir dynasty. Muslim rule was maintained in Kashmir for the next five centuries. The Mughal emperors ruled Kashmir from 156 to 1651 and the Afghan Durrani emperors from 1648 to 1819. In 1819, under the leadership of Ranjit Singh, the Sikhs occupied Kashmir. In 1848, the Sikhs were defeated by the English in the first Anglo-Sikh war. Then Gulab Singh, the king of Jammu, purchased the territory from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar and became the new ruler of Kashmir. Until 1947, his descendants ruled Kashmir as loyal subjects of the British Crown. During the partition of India in 1947, the region became a disputed territory. The region is currently divided between India, Pakistan and China.
The whole of Kashmir is a paradise for travelers! Even then I gave a list of several tourist spots in different locations.
Gulmarg – Gondola (cable car), golf course, Baba Rishi’s shrine, Afarwat Peak, St. Mary’s Church.
Pahelgam – Lehdar River, Betab Valley, Aru Valley, Chandan Bari and horse trekking to Pahelgam Viewpoint, Mini Switzerland famous Baisaran, Dhabian, Kashmir Valley Viewpoint, Kanimarg, Waterfall, Tulian Valley etc. You can also walk. However, when it rains, the road is very slippery. Moreover, riding a horse is a little adventure.
Sonamarge- Mainly Thajiwas Glacier. Besides, Indus River, Waterfall, Bajrangi Vaijaan and Ram Tere Ganga Mere photo shooting spots.
The capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. About 1 million people live here. The city is located in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River. The state capital was shifted to Jammu for six months due to severe winters. The various cottage industries here are also famous. Among them carpet, silk and wool textiles, wood and leather work are notable. Srinagar’s main attractions are Dal Lake and houseboats on Dal Lake. There are many Mughal-era gardens or parks around Dal Lake, and the Hazrat Bal Mosque. Also the whole city of Srinagar is a city worth visiting.
Not all the beauty of nature is always seen. It is seen at certain times of the year. And that is in Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir, known as the paradise, you can see the famous tulip flowers of the Netherlands or Switzerland from April 5-20 every year. You will see this garden in the valley on the hillside.
Entry fee of Rs. 24 per person. I went inside and was surprised. This botanical garden is arranged by the combination of man and nature. At the far end are snow-capped mountains, lakes, green grass and vegetation. Nice nice bench to sit on for a while. The noise of birds all around. It is as if nature has left its highest beauty here. Walk around the Botanical Garden for about an hour. Leaving the garden we continue along the road next to Dal Lake for the next destination.
It is famous for its variety of flowering plants. The best time to visit these gardens or parks is April-May.
The mosque area is a little old town. The houses are old. Seeing this area, it seems that it is the original town of Kashmir. Thousands of wild pigeons will welcome you to the mosque premises. There is no entry fee. We went inside and saw the mosque. The mosque complex has a large garden and a ghat next to Dal Lake. As soon as you enter the mosque and go to the plaintiff, you will go to the bank of Dal Lake. And the atmosphere here is amazing. It is not possible to express it orally or in writing. It is a beautiful environment, with snow-capped mountains on the other side of the lake. It was very cold but we didn’t realize it because of the intense sun. However, on the concrete steps of the lake where there is clear water, millions of puti fish are coming and basking in the sun. Little Kashmiri children are trying to catch them. Everything is as beautiful as the picture.
Shikara Rite usually costs 800 to 1000 rupees. In the afternoon, the whole of Dal Lake looks different. The distant mountains have turned golden in the light of the sun. The reflection of that mountain can be seen on the lake. Thousands of prey roam. Everything is as beautiful as a dream.
Dal Lake is the jewel of Kashmir. The beautifully decorated Dal Lake has been calling people hand in hand for ages. It is as if nature has given Dal Lake its beauty. Some of the Bombay movies feature scenes from Dal Lake in Kashmir. The Jhilam river came and merged into this lake. The lake is more than seven kilometers long and more than three kilometers wide. The maximum depth of the lake is six kilometers. There are also two islands in this lake. Gold Lank and Silver Lank. In winter the temperature in the lake area drops to minus eleven degrees Celsius. The water of the lake then freezes into ice. These are the theoretical things of Dal Lake. Thousands of Kashmiris make a living around the lake. Some own famous houseboats, some take tourists on special boat hunts on Dal Lake, while others sell vegetables at the Dal Lake market. It takes a long time to visit the whole Dal Lake.
Houseboats are a major attraction of Dal Lake in Kashmir. House floating on water. There are more than 700 houseboats on Dal Lake. Inside it, various arrangements like a sophisticated hotel. The bedroom, the living room, the bathroom are all there. Everything is well furnished. Laying beautiful carpets, pulling curtains. There is also a veranda, where one can sit and enjoy the view from the outside. The wooden latticework walls inside the houseboat are impeccably beautiful. All in all, this houseboat has all the facilities that a tourist needs.
It is located about 96 km from Srinagar. Taxi scaffolding will cost about 2500 rupees. If you go the rest from Anantnag, you will find apple orchards on both sides of the road. From July to October, apples can be seen on the tree during this period. You have to go down to Pahelgam and rent a small car again. The rent of this car depends on how many spots you will visit, but on an average it is only Rs. There are many spots here, among them Aru Valley, Betab Valley, Chandenwari, Lidarwat River, Mini Switzerland famous Baisaran, Sun Temple, Tulian Lake, Mansi Lake are famous. (Rent from Pahelgam to Aru Valley and Chandenwari is Rs. 1600. 6 points in Pahelgam (Pahelgam Viewpoint, Dhabian, Baisaran, Kanimarg, Kashmir Valley View Point, Waterfall) Rs. 500-600 per horse
Gulmarg is a small hill station in Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir. If you go to this hill station, which is 52 km away from Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir, and at an altitude of 8,625 feet, you will be in doubt whether the place is Gulmarg or an unknown snow-covered city in Switzerland. Looking at its history, it can be seen that Gulmarg was the favorite holiday destination of King Yusuf Shah Chak and Emperor Jahangir. The previous name of this iceberg was ‘Gaurimarg’. The mountain was named after the wife of the Hindu god Shiva. But in the evolution of time that name became Gulmarg at one time.
Gulmarg is famous for snow year round, which is about 52 km from Srinagar. It takes a whole day to go and come back, that is, from 8 am to 5 pm. A car from Srinagar to Gulmarg will cost Rs 2,000. There are only two-step cars or ropeways. If you go from November to April, you can see the snow as soon as you go up one step, the fare is Rs. 750. And if you go to the rest of the time, if you go to the second stage, you will get ice, the rent of which is 900 rupees more. And snow skating will cost 800 to 1000 rupees. A lot of entertainment can be done on ice by spending rupees, skating, scooter, paragliding etc. Places to visit include Gulmarg Gondola (Rs. 800-3000 per person), Afarwat Peak, Khilanmarg, Baba Reshi’s Shrine, Golf Course, St. Mary’s Church, Elpathar Lake, Biosphere Reserve.
Located 42 km from Srinagar, on the way to Dras, Kargil, Le Ladakh. Car rental will be Rs. On the way there is a beautiful Indus river. Many beautiful valleys and springs can be seen there. Places to visit at Sonamarg include Jajila Pass, Thajiwas Glacier (Thajiwas Glacier car fare from Sonamarg Rs. 2500-3500 / -), Gangabal Lake, Gadsar Lake, Visanta Lake, Sastar Lake.
But apart from these, the beauty of Dudhpatri, Kokarnag, Daksum or Synthentop is actually more fascinating. Aharbal Falls is also a unique destination. It seems to me impossible to perceive the form of the Himalayas without going on the road to Charar-e-Sharif in Budgam district. Going further up from there, you can see Dudhganga. Ular Lake is the largest freshwater lake in South Asia to the north. Another small lake in Ganderbal is called Manasbal.
When to go to Kashmir:
The best time to visit Kashmir is from April to October. But if you want to see the whole of Kashmir, you have to go at least three times.
April to May spring:
This time the valley is full of flowers. You can also see tulip flowers. And right after the winter, so there is a lot of snow.
September to October autumn:
The snowfall will be a little less at this time. But can be found at the top. For example, in the 2nd phase of Gulmarg Gondola, in the Thajiwas Glacier of Sonamarg. This time the results will be available. Apples will be hanging on the trees. And with it the colorful appearance of the Chinese tree.
Winter from December to February:
At this time you will see white mountains. Just snow, snow and ice all around. And there is snow. However, there are many difficulties in winter. You have to prepare a lot for winter, the roads are closed so you can’t go to many places. Even if you have a good chance of getting stuck. So all things considered, and if you want to go once, April-May is the right time.